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[ SlideShow ] 青铜器  [5]  [10]  [20]  [50]  [100]
青铜器(Bronze Ware)是由青铜(红铜与锡的合金)制成的器具,诞生于人类文明的青铜时代。因为青铜器在世界各地均有出现,所以是一种世界性文明的象征。最早的青铜器出现于5000年至6000年前的西亚两河流域地区。苏美尔文明时期雕有狮子形象的大型铜刀是早期青铜器的代表。青铜器在2000多年前逐渐由铁器所取代。中国青铜器制作精美,在世界青铜器中堪称艺术价值最高。代表着中国在先秦时期高超的技术与文化。中国的青铜器之乡为宝鸡市,出土了大盂鼎、毛公鼎、散氏盘等五万余件青铜器。我国唯一的青铜器主题博物馆为宝鸡青铜器博物院。
Bronzes in pre-Qin period mainly refers to copper tin alloy made of bronze artifacts, referred to as the" bronze". Include cooking, food, wine, water heater, musical instruments, and ornaments, bronze mirrors, hook, weapons, tools and measuring instruments. Popular in the late Neolithic Age to the Qin and Han Dynasties, to the Shang and Zhou most beautiful objects. Initially appears is a small tool. The Xia Dynasty was the bronze vessels and weapons. Business term, bronze varieties have been very rich, and the emergence of inscriptions and fine decorative pattern. Business in the late Bronze Age to early Western Zhou, is the development of its heyday, device type variety, vigorous and dignified, inscriptions gradually lengthened, elaborate doll pattern. Subsequently, the bronze body begins to thin, decoration gradually simplified. In late spring and Autumn period and Warring States period due to the promotion of the use of, iron, copper tools less. During the Qin and Han Dynasties, with the porcelain and lacquerware into everyday life, copper vessel breed decreases, decoration is simple, is plain, is also more frivolous carcass.
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